- Rattazzi, Urbano
- (1808–1873)A native of Alessandria (Piedmont), Rattazzi became a parliamentary deputy in 1848. In 1852, Rattazzi, leader of the relatively radical wing of the Parliament, made the political agreement known as the connubio (union) with Camillo Benso di Cavour and established himself as the second most important political figure in pre-Risorgimento Piedmont. The alliance between the two men dissolved on the eve of the war with Austria in 1859. Rattazzi, who was a favorite of King Victor Emmanuel II, became minister of the interior in the short-lived government formed by General Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora after the Treaty of Villafranca in July 1859, which had provoked Cavour’s resignation. As minister of the interior Rattazzi initiated an important reform of local government that extended the Piedmontese form of provincial and communal administration to Lombardy. The same law, in slightly modified form, was extended throughout the peninsula after unification and established Italy as a centralized state whose lower levels of administration were conceded little autonomy. In March 1862, Rattazzi formed his first cabinet, taking the offices of foreign and interior minister as well as the premiership. His government made the important decision to introduce a single Italian currency, which increased Italy’s ability to borrow in the international markets, but fell afoul of public opinion in September 1862 when the government used troops to prevent Giuseppe Garibaldi from marching on Rome. Rattazzi’s administration resigned in November 1862, but he returned to the premiership in April 1867. The most important act of his short-lived administration was a law in August 1867 that nationalized and auctioned off the land and property held by thousands of religious institutions all over Italy. Garibaldi’s attempts to seize Rome in 1867, which ended in the disaster of Mentana, once more brought down Rattazzi’s government. Caught between public opinion, which regarded him as too cautious on the Roman question, and France, which suspected him of aiding and abetting Garibaldi, Rattazzi dithered and lost the favor of the king. He died in Rome in 1873. Contemporary writers judged his political record harshly, but, in retrospect, it seems that circumstances, rather than ineptitude, were the chief cause of Rattazzi’s ministerial failures.
Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. Mark F. Gilbert & K. Robert Nilsson. 2007.
Look at other dictionaries:
Rattazzi, Urbano — ▪ Italian lawyer and statesman born June 20, 1808, Alessandria, Kingdom of Italy died June 5, 1873, Frosinone, Italy Piedmontese lawyer and statesman who held many important cabinet positions in the early years of the Italian Republic,… … Universalium
RATTAZZI, URBANO — Italian statesman, born at Alessandria; was leader of the extreme party in the Sardinian Chamber in 1849, and was several times minister, but was unstable in his politics (1808 1873) … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Urbano Rattazzi — Mandats 3e et 8e président du Conseil italien 3 mars 1 … Wikipédia en Français
Urbano Rattazzi — Estadista, 3° y 8° Presidente del Consejo de Ministros de Italia Nacimiento … Wikipedia Español
Rattazzi — Urbano Rattazzi Urbano Rattazzi (* 20. Juni 1808 in Alessandria; † 5. Juni 1873 in Frosinone) war ein italienischer Politiker. Rattazzi war nach den Studium der Rechtswissenschaft in Turin, praktizierte er für kurze Zeit als Rechtsanwalt in… … Deutsch Wikipedia
RATTAZZI (U.) — RATTAZZI URBANO comte (1808 1873) Piémontais d’Alexandrie, où il est né, Urbano Rattazzi se voue tout d’abord exclusivement à la profession d’avocat et n’entre que tardivement dans la politique avec son élection, en 1848, au parlement subalpin.… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Urbano Rattazzi — (* 20. Juni 1808 in Alessandria; † 5. Juni 1873 in Frosinone) war ein italienischer Politiker. Rattazzi war nach den Studium der Rechtswissenschaft in Turin, praktizierte er für kurze Zeit als Rechtsanwalt in Casale Monferrato, 1848 wandte er… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Rattazzi — is a surname, and may refer to the following people:* Steven Rattazzi, American actor * Susanna Rattazzi (1922 ndash; ), Italian politician (also known as the Countess Rattazzi) * Urbano Rattazzi (1808 ndash;1873), Italian statesmansurname … Wikipedia
Rattazzi — Rattazzi, Urbano, ital. Staatsmann, geb. 29. Juni 1810 zu Alessandria, seit 1848 Führer der Linken in der sardin. Kammer, 1848 49 mehrmals Minister, 1853 54 Justizminister, dann bis 1858 und 1859 60 Minister des Innern, 1862 und 1867… … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Rattazzi — Rattazzi, 1) Urbano, ital. Staatsmann, geb. 29. Juni 1810 in Alessandria, gest. 5. Juni 1873 in Frosinone, studierte in Turin die Rechte und ward Advokat zu Casale. 1848 in die Zweite Kammer gewählt, schloß er sich der Linken an und ward, nachdem … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon